How do you install a compiler in Linux?

Linux is a powerful and flexible operating system that is often used for creation and programming. You’ll need to install a compiler if you want to run programs written in different computer languages. This article will show you how to install a program on a Linux computer.

Understanding Compilers

A translator is a very important tool that turns the source code of a programming language into code that the computer can understand and run. It lets programmers turn their code, which can be read by humans, into binary files that the system can understand.

Why does Linux need a compiler?

Most Linux distributions do not come with a compiler already loaded. This choice of design helps keep the system easy to use and light. By adding a compiler to your Linux system, you can build and run code right on the machine, which makes it a good place for developers to work.

Checking if a Compiler is Already Installed

Before you start the installation, you need to make sure that your Linux machine already has a compiler. Type the following code into the terminal:

gcc --version

If GCC (GNU Compiler Collection) or any other compiler is present, the command will show its version. If not, you should put one in.

Installing a Compiler using Package Manager

Most Linux versions come with package managers, which make it easier to install the software. We’ll look at two popular package managers, one for systems based on Debian/Ubuntu and the other for systems based on Fedora/CentOS.

Installing GCC on Debian/Ubuntu

To install GCC on Debian/Ubuntu-based systems, use the following command:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential

The “build-essential” package includes GCC and other necessary tools required for compiling code.

Installing GCC on Fedora/CentOS

For Fedora/CentOS-based systems, use the following command:

sudo dnf install gcc

This command installs the GCC compiler.

Common Issues and Troubleshooting Permission Errors

  • If you have trouble installing because of permissions, use “sudo” to run the installation instructions as an administrator.
  • Dependencies that aren’t there: Sometimes the download won’t work because one of the dependencies isn’t there. Make sure you have loaded all the needed libraries and packages before moving on.

Conclusion

Installing a compiler on your Linux machine is a basic step for any developer or programmer. By following the steps in this piece, you can easily set up the compiler of your choice and start making and running your own programs.