How to Crack WiFi Password with Kali Linux

In today’s digital age, where the internet plays a crucial role in our lives, having access to a secure and reliable WiFi network is essential. However, there may be situations where you need to recover or crack a WiFi password, such as when you forget the password to your own network or when you want to test the security of your WiFi network.

This article will guide you through the process of cracking a WiFi password using Kali Linux, a powerful and widely-used penetration testing tool.

What is Kali Linux?

Kali Linux is a Debian-based operating system specifically designed for digital forensics and penetration testing. It comes pre-installed with numerous tools and utilities that are useful for testing the security of computer systems and networks. Kali Linux is widely used by security professionals and ethical hackers to identify vulnerabilities and strengthen the security of networks.

Preparing Your System

Before you can crack a WiFi password with Kali Linux, you need to ensure that your system is properly set up. Follow these steps to get started:

  • Download the latest version of Kali Linux from the official website.
  • Install Kali Linux on your computer or set it up in a virtual environment.
  • Update the system and install any necessary drivers for your wireless network adapter.

Gathering Information

To crack a WiFi password, you need to gather information about the target network. This information includes the network name (SSID) and the MAC address of the access point. Here’s how you can gather this information:

  • Open a terminal in Kali Linux.
  • Use the command iwlist wlan0 scan to scan for available WiFi networks.
  • Note down the SSID and MAC address of the target network.

Capturing Packets

In order to crack the WiFi password, you need to capture packets that are being transmitted over the network. This can be achieved using a tool called Airodump-ng. Follow these steps to capture packets:

  • Open a terminal in Kali Linux.
  • Use the command airodump-ng --bssid <MAC_ADDRESS> --channel <CHANNEL> --write <FILENAME> to start capturing packets. Replace <MAC_ADDRESS> with the MAC address of the target network and <CHANNEL> with the channel on which the network operates.

Analyzing the Captured Data

Once you have captured enough packets, you can proceed with analyzing the data to find the WiFi password. Here’s what you need to do:

  • Open a new terminal window in Kali Linux.
  • Use the command aircrack-ng <FILENAME-01.cap> to analyze the captured packets and crack the password. Replace <FILENAME-01.cap> with the name of the file generated by Airodump-ng.

Cracking the Password

Aircrack-ng uses a brute-force attack or a dictionary attack to crack the WiFi password. The time it takes to crack the password depends on the complexity of the password and the processing power of your system. It is important to note that attempting to crack someone else’s WiFi password without their permission is illegal and unethical.

Strengthening Your WiFi Security

While it is possible to crack a WiFi password using Kali Linux, it’s equally important to protect your own WiFi network from such attacks. Here are a few tips to strengthen your WiFi security:

  • Change the default username and password of your WiFi router.
  • Use a strong and unique password for your WiFi network.
  • Enable network encryption, such as WPA2-PSK, to secure your network.
  • Regularly update the firmware of your WiFi router to fix any security vulnerabilities.


Cracking a WiFi password using Kali Linux can be a complex process that requires technical knowledge and an understanding of network security. It’s important to use this knowledge responsibly and legally. Remember to always seek proper authorization before attempting to crack a WiFi password.

By understanding the techniques used to crack WiFi passwords, you can better protect your own network from potential security breaches.

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