How to Fix “error: command /usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc failed with exit code 1”

Encountering errors while running commands in a terminal can be frustrating, especially when you come across messages like “error: command /usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc failed with exit code 1.” This error is common when compiling software or running certain scripts, but fear not! In this guide, we’ll walk you through some simple steps to fix this issue and get your commands up and running smoothly.

Step 1: Check the Command Syntax: The first thing to do is to double-check the syntax of the command you are trying to execute. Often, a simple typo or missing character can lead to this error. Make sure all the options and arguments are correctly specified. If needed, refer to the documentation or tutorials for the correct command format.

Step 2: Update/Reinstall Dependencies: Sometimes, this error may occur due to missing or outdated dependencies required for the command to run successfully. To resolve this, update your system’s package manager and then try reinstalling the necessary packages. You can do this using the following commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install [package-name]

Replace [package-name] with the name of the package mentioned in the error message. This will ensure that you have the latest versions of the required components.

Step 3: Check for Library Conflicts: In some cases, conflicts between different libraries can lead to this error. To identify and resolve such conflicts, you can use the ldd command. Run the following:

ldd /path/to/your/executable

This will display a list of shared libraries used by the executable. Ensure that all the required libraries are present and correctly linked.

Step 4: Verify Environment Variables: Certain environment variables may affect the command’s behavior, leading to the error. Check if there are any conflicting or incorrect environment variables set, and unset or modify them as needed. You can view the current environment variables using the env command.

Step 5: Reinstall GCC: The error message mentions an issue with “gcc,” which is the GNU Compiler Collection. It might be a good idea to reinstall gcc to ensure all its components are intact and functioning correctly. Run the following command to reinstall gcc:

sudo apt-get install --reinstall gcc

Step 6: Check Disk Space and Permissions Insufficient disk space or incorrect permissions on files can also trigger this error. Ensure that you have enough free space on your system and that you have the necessary permissions to execute the command and access the files involved.


Facing the “error: command /usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc failed with exit code 1” message doesn’t have to be a roadblock. By following the steps outlined above, you can troubleshoot and resolve the issue, allowing you to run your commands without any hindrance. Remember to pay attention to details, update dependencies, check for library conflicts, verify environment variables, and reinstall gcc if necessary. Happy coding!