Install VMware Tools on Ubuntu

If you are running Ubuntu as a guest operating system within VMware, it is essential to install VMware Tools. VMware Tools is a set of utilities and drivers that enhances the performance and functionality of Ubuntu on a virtual machine. In this article, we will guide you through the process of installing VMware Tools on Ubuntu, ensuring optimal performance and improved integration with the host system.

Overview of VMware Tools

VMware Tools is a suite of utilities that enhances the performance and functionality of guest operating systems running on VMware virtual machines. By installing VMware Tools on Ubuntu, you can optimize display resolution, improve mouse and keyboard integration, enable file sharing between the host and guest systems, and enhance the overall performance of your virtual machine.

Preparing for Installation

Before installing VMware Tools, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • An active Ubuntu virtual machine running on VMware.
  • Administrative access to the Ubuntu guest operating system.
  • A stable internet connection.

Mounting VMware Tools

To begin the installation process, you need to mount the VMware Tools installation package. Follow these steps:

  1. In the VMware menu, go to “VM” and click on “Install VMware Tools.” This action will mount the installation package to the virtual CD/DVD drive of your Ubuntu virtual machine.

Extracting the Installation Package

Once the installation package is mounted, you need to extract its contents. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Open a terminal window in Ubuntu by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T.
  2. Navigate to the virtual CD/DVD drive by running the command cd /media/<username>/VMware Tools where <username> is your Ubuntu username.
  3. Extract the contents of the installation package using the command tar -xvf VMwareTools*.tar.gz

Installing VMware Tools

Now that the installation package is extracted, you can proceed with the installation process. Follow these steps:

  1. In the terminal window, navigate to the extracted folder using the command cd vmware-tools-distrib.
  2. Run the installation script with administrative privileges using the command sudo ./
  3. Follow the prompts in the installation wizard to proceed with the installation. Press Enter to accept the default settings.

Configuring VMware Tools

After the installation is complete, you may need to configure VMware Tools for optimal performance. Here are some important configurations to consider:

  • Shared Folders: Enable shared folders to easily transfer files between the host and guest systems.
  • Clipboard Sharing: Enable clipboard sharing to copy and paste text between the host and guest systems.
  • Unity Mode: Unity mode allows you to seamlessly integrate Ubuntu applications with your host operating system.

Verifying the Installation

To ensure that VMware Tools is successfully installed and functioning correctly, follow these steps to verify:

  1. Restart your Ubuntu virtual machine.
  2. Once Ubuntu boots up, check if the VMware Tools icon is visible in the system tray. This icon indicates that VMware Tools is running.
  3. Test the functionality of VMware Tools, such as drag-anddrop file transfer between the host and guest systems, automatic screen resizing, and improved mouse integration.


Installing VMware Tools on Ubuntu is crucial for optimizing the performance and functionality of your virtual machine. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can ensure a seamless integration between Ubuntu and VMware, enabling enhanced features and improved productivity.

Start benefiting from the power of VMware Tools today and enjoy a smoother virtual machine experience on Ubuntu.

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